Ezra Darwin Darling is a man I have been researching for years. Thanks to some distant cousins we found the true name of his father, Jabez Darling, which for generations had been passed down incorrectly in our family. Probably copying someone’s handwriting, it was recorded as Zalig or Jalig, which frustrated me for years. I wrote about this in July.
I am wondering if this middle name — Darwin — is the maiden name of his mother, grandmother, or another relative. While searching Google I came across another man, in the same extended family, with the same middle name.
Lawrence Darwin Darling, a descendant of David Darling, was born in 1921. Information on Lawrence, his father Robert Lilley Darling, grandson Tom, and great granddaughter Ali, comes from Sean Furniss’s site. He received an email from Patty Kile on this branch of the Darling family in 1996.
I wrote about Ezra on the Darling mailing list at RootsWeb in 2006, although the links posted there may be out-of-date, as in, not working. David Darling is clearly a close relative, perhaps an uncle or perhaps even Ezra Darwin’s father, giving him the middle name because he already had a son from a different mother named Ezra. Unfortunately this is all speculation at this point.
The fact that David shows up in Lime Creek Township, Washington Co., Iowa, in 1871, where Ezra Darling (married to Caroline Northrup) resided in 1860 and 1870 seems to indicate another possible family relationship.”
He found this link in the Index to War of 1812 Pension Application Files.
David Darling’s declaration of 15 May 1871 identifies his wife, notes the place and date of marriage, and date of her death.”
The National Archives has some background on the key to why he applied in 1871.
Pension application files for most War of 1812 veterans, however, will be found in the second series of pension files, i.e., those based on the acts of 1871 and 1878. These acts, based on length of service alone, relate mostly to militia veterans called to federal service. The 1871 act provided pensions to veterans who had served at least sixty days or to their widows if they had married before 1815. The 1878 act provided pensions to those veterans, or their widows, who only served fourteen days. By the time these acts were passed, most applicants were widows or minors rather than veterans themselves. A typical file usually contains the soldier’s or widow’s application file, a statement of service usually provided by the Pension Bureau, and other papers prepared by the Third Auditor’s Office.”
Ancestry’s New York Military Equipment Claims, War of 1812, an online database has a David Darling of Seneca County, New York claiming 110.00 (No.: 14,626) and a Davis Darling (No.: 6,337, perhaps a misspelling or mistranscription of David) of Geneseo, New York claiming 33.50. (I am not sure what currency to use, but I assume it would be dollars. Revolutionary War claims were in pounds.) The original data is from the New York Adjutant General Office’s Index of Awards on Claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812, compiled in 1860. The Index is one of three sources of note.
As with nearly all early state militias, volunteers in the New York state militia during the War of 1812 provided their own arms and clothing. This database is an index of claims presented to the State of New York for payment of expenses for military clothing and equipment provided by volunteers during the war. These claims were for clothing and equipment ‘which were depreciated, worn out, lost and destroyed in said service for which he had not received payment.’ Only the claims of those who performed duty ‘in the service of the State’ were paid. Some additional claims were paid in good faith by the State, but as late as 1885, 17,228 claims were unpaid. Records indicate that these claims were never paid. The original declarations of claims from which the index was compiled are on file in the Bureau of War Records maintained by the Division of Military and Naval Affairs, Public Security Building, Albany, New York, 12206. The declaration indicates the claimants name and military grade, inclusive period of service and land warrant, if any, granted as a result of his service.”
Ezra Darwin became a laborer on John Harvey Northrup’s farm, eventually marrying his daughter Caroline, which, according to family tradition, Northrup thought was beneath her and the family. David’s son, the other Ezra, was in a similar situation.
This family was relatively poor when compared to some of the neighboring farmers. In 1850 he reported no property of value, and, in 1860 he reported hav[ing] $150 worth of real property. During the 1850 census, his children Emily and Wilmer were recorded as living with neighboring farm families with real property assets of $5,000 – $6,200. In the 1860 census, his daughter Mary was working as a domestic servant and his children Ann and V. R. were living outside of their home, in the homes of wealthier neighbors.”